Types of Turkey Calls

Draw your target closer using a quality turkey call. There are four types of turkey calls you can use when out chasing birds: diaphragm, box, pot, and locator calls. Our Hunting Experts explain what each type of turkey call is used for as well as some tips on how to effectively use them in the field so that you’re able to enjoy a successful hunt this season.

1. Diaphragm Turkey Calls

a variety of diaphragm turkey calls

A diaphragm turkey call is also referred to as a mouth call. Of the four types, a diaphragm call is the hardest one to master yet keeps your hands free for easy access to your firearm when needed at a moment’s notice. With single, double, and triple reed options, there are a wide variety of mouth calls and cuts to produce different sounds that match any situation. Our Hunting Experts suggest bringing a variety of them since you never know which the turkey will respond to. 

Using a diaphragm turkey call takes some practice, so if you haven’t used this type before, it’s a good idea to spend plenty of time before your hunt perfecting your call.

2. Box Turkey Calls

a box turkey call on a background

A box turkey call is one of the easiest calls to master making it a great choice for beginners. To use this call, you simply take the paddle part of the call and gently bring it across the top of the box creating friction that produces a range of sounds like yelps, purring, and more. If you’re hunting in windy conditions, a box call is a great choice since it’s louder and can carry farther.

3. Pot Turkey Call

a pot turkey call on a background

Requiring a striker and a striking surface, a pot turkey call is another great choice for a beginner hunter. The striking surface on a pot call can be made from glass, slate, aluminum, or another material that when struck upon mimics a turkey’s yelp. 

It’s a good idea to rough the end of the striker and strike the surface for greater fiction in order to generate a better call. When using a pot turkey call, avoid touching the striking surface as your fingers have oil and will reduce friction. 

4. Locator Turkey Calls

a locator turkey call on a background

Locator calls are ideal to use in the morning as you’re looking for where the turkeysset up for the night. Using an owl call or, if the sun is up, a crow call could get a Tom to gobble. If you choose to use a locator that mimics a turkey gobble, be sure to use it with caution as other hunters could mistake you for a turkey.

Depending on your skill level and what works best for your situation, having different types of turkey calls on your hunt is a good idea so you're able to adapt. If you’re looking for more tips on how to use a turkey call or which type to try out, stop into your local SCHEELS to speak with a Hunting Expert today!